Cristian is a Professor of Political Communication at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities, and Co-Director of the Centre for Research in Communication and Culture at Loughborough University. He also serves as Editor in Chief of the International Journal of Press/Politics and as a rapporteur for the Committee of Experts on Freedom of Expression and Digital Technologies of the Council of Europe. In his research, he studies political communication in comparative perspectives with a focus on digital media. He also investigates how political parties, campaign organizations, and citizens engage with one another on digital media, as well as how they negotiate meanings, identities, resources, and power. His current book, Outside the Bubble: Social Media and Political Participation in Western Democracies, explores how social media is redefining the ways citizens encounter and engage with political information and the implications of that on Western democracies.